The hospital is an essential institution that has emerged to sustain life and save human lives and return to health. Therefore, maintaining the health of the hospital is essential for the physical, mental and social well-being of human beings and the elimination of environmental factors that transmit the disease.
Hygiene or cleanliness is a basic health requirement. This becomes even more important in a hospital setting. If the hospital’s environmental health is not taken into account, the hospital becomes a potential source of infection. A person may become ill due to problems such as heart failure and being hospitalized after being exposed to infections! This is where the health of the hospital environment comes into play.
Infections that are present in the hospital environment or so-called nosocomial infections usually occur in 3 cases:
1. From one patient to another
2. From patient to doctor or nurse
3. From the doctor or health care personnel to the patient
Hospital-acquired infections usually exacerbate the disease and are resistant to common antibiotics. Microbes such as Pseudomonas, Clibella, etc. cause severe diseases. Therefore, knowledge of these infections and the necessary measures to prevent them are essential for improving the health of the hospital environment.
Inpatients are more prone to these infections than people who only visit and go home. People with immunodeficiency (HIV / AIDS, uncontrolled diabetes, kidney failure, etc.) become infected more easily and more severely.
Common diseases in the hospital
Urinary tract infections, pneumonia, diarrhea and even chronic infections such as tuberculosis and HIV / AIDS are common diseases in the hospital. Apart from this, skin diseases, colds and coughs can also be transmitted, so the health of the hospital environment is affected by the level of care against these viruses and germs.
Strategies to prevent infection and promote hospital health
· Beds should be placed at a suitable distance from each other.
Those with infectious diseases such as cholera, T.B. And … suffer to be quarantined.
Every room should be exposed to sunlight because most disease-causing germs in the environment are killed by strong sunlight.
Proper ventilation plays an important role in minimizing germs inside the room and increasing the health of the hospital environment.
Daily washing and cleaning of hospital rooms with disinfectant solution helps to eliminate common germs in the rooms.
There should be no spider webs and dust on doors and windows and even on furniture, as it creates a breeding ground for germs.
· Hygiene of hospital sheets and clothes should be well observed; Because the texture of the clothes will be a place for germs to congregate. Clothes and sheets should always be clean and changed regularly.
Proper excretion of patient fluids such as urine, blood, and laboratory samples should be such that it is not a source of infection for others. For this purpose, it is necessary to use a suitable disinfectant solution.
Each hospital should design its own infection control program that includes hygiene, hygiene, and waste disposal requirements. The Ministry of Health is also taking effective measures to implement the necessary measures to maintain the health of the hospital environment in all hospitals.
The more people are aware of the need to observe the health of the hospital environment, the more effective these measures will be and the patients who will go to the hospital will not get any infection.